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Globally known as 'Doc' and Born a 'Buckeye'
Doc is retired as past-president of Federal Consultants Corporation. He served as principal consultant, engineering liaison to the Federal Communications Commission, EM spectroscopist, RF metrologist, and graduate/post-graduate/post-doc electrical engineer. Doc under FCCorp was dedicated to serving medicine, science and industry with investigative EMC-EMI-RFI precise measurements and computational analysis. He still remains a professional member of IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers).
Doc holds an Electronics Doctorate (E.D., 1976), a Master of Science (M.S. E.E., 1991), a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D. E.E., 1999), a Doctor of Science (Sc.D. E.E., 2007), and an International Doctor of Philosophy (Martial Science, 2009).
Doc also has an extensive background in Metrology - the science of precise measurement. He was trained by the federal government and is a Graduate Diplomate in PME Metrology under the Air Force Logistics Command from the Aerospace Guidance and Metrology Center (Newark Air Force Station) in Ohio (1966-1970). He owned and operated The Analytical Electronics Laboratory, Inc. located in east Wichita (across from the VA hospital) from 1979 to 1991. This primary electrical standards laboratory facility was directly traced to the National Bureau of Standards, NBS (now NIST or the National Institute of Standards and Technology) and the United States Naval Observatory, USNO, both near Washington, D.C.
His Category III - Laboratory and Cleanroom was the only primary level facility of its kind in a 5 state area. Doc brought the first Atomic Clock, an HP5062C Cesium Beam Primary Time and Frequency Standard to Wichita in 1980. This first Atomic Clock in Kansas was from a Trident Nuclear Submarine. Several years later, Doc brought yet another HP5061A (High Performance Option) Cesium Beam Primary Clock to his laboratory. Eventually, Doc had three (3) Atomic Clocks (another HP5061A with the High Performance Option Cesium Beam Tube) in his laboratory all being compared to each other. The combined frequency accuracy of these "Cesium" atomic clocks were greater than 0.01 parts per trillion (1 x 10exp14). In addition to the inter-comparison of these three Atomic Clocks, Doc had them constantly phased-locked to the U.S. National Atomic Clocks at NBS and USNO through the use of GPS, LORAN-C, OMEGA, WWVB and the NBS remote computer system. The Cesium Beam Time and Frequency Standards at Doc's metrology laboratory were all directly traced to the USNO Flying Clock via their team, which made frequent trips to his laboratory in Wichita. Doc's USNO certified time and NBS (NIST) certified frequency with his 3 atomic time and frequency standards did not gain or lose 1 second in 3,200,000 years (3.2 million years).
Doc then transferred this very high accuracy and stability of time and frequency to hundreds of scientific users in the U.S. for over a decade.
From his extreme scientific efforts, he was known as "Father Frequency" among all the high-end users of his precise standards of reference.
Since 1972, he has been researching and investigating the electromagnetic spectral characteristics and gyromagnetic wave phenomena associated with the formation of tornados. As an EM spectroscopist, he has gathered enough logged data to determine a 'highly probable' fundamental frequency in the LF/MF spherics band and many of its odd and even harmonics up to and including the 108th harmonic in the VHF broadcast band. This important and essential research work is ongoing to this day under the FCCorp's EM Research Arm.
As of April 9, 2005, Doc has re-entered into the extreme precise world of measuring time, frequency, and phase with nuclear (atomic) pico and femto stabilities. He currently has eleven (11) Cesium Beam Primary Time and Frequency Reference Standards (which include several HP5061A's with High Performance CBT's, a HP5061B, three HP5062C's, an FTS4060, and an HP5071A). He also maintains a Rubidium Vapor Secondary Time and Frequency Reference Standard (HP5065A). His 12 or Teragram Array of true Atomic Time and Frequency Standards are now collectively and directly phase-locked with USNO and NIST via the GPS Constellation and WWVB (which are all referenced to the full array of U.S. National Atomic Time and Frequency Primary Standards).
He has now rebuilt his laboratory and observatory (Bio-Nucleonics under the umbrella of the FCCorp) to disseminate this Time, Frequency, and Phase service to industry, science and technology. He is professionally providing his services in Analytical, Investigative, and Forensic Electromagnetics to include EMC, RFI, EMI, EMP, EMR, ECM, ECCM, and Power Frequency Harmonics utilizing his FCC-type Mobile Measurement Laboratory (MML). In addition, Doc, researches and investigates the Biological and Psychophysiological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields of Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) as well as all electromagnetic fields both ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. In his laboratory, his full spectrum analysis capabilities range from 0.000064 Hz (ELF) to 220 GHz (millimeter wave). He tracks, measures, and analyzes planewave (transverse electromagnetic waves), single-axis electric fields (E-fields), single-axis magnetic fields (H-fields), and three-axis magnetic flux density fields (B-fields) to MIL-STDs 285 and 461 as well as IEEE-STD 299 (1997).
Doc is still engaged in leading edge ongoing research in brainwave entrainment technology. His field of research is Neurobioelectromagnetics. He accomplishes this with pure, time-varying, magnetic fields precisely produced with a precision Helmholtz coil system. The magnetic brainwave entrained frequencies are stable and accurate to 1 nanoHertz (phased locked to his maintained primary atomic reference standards).
When Doc was a very young boy of 6 years, he was taken under the wing of a veteran WWII radio operator from the Navy. Along with this veteran, two additional radio operators who were licensed as amateurs, also joined together to take Doc under their wings. In the radio room of one of these mentors, Doc witnessed the receiving of a very strange beeping signal from a radio beacon on both 20 and 40 megacycles. It was a very weak signal and could barely be heard. The mentors placed an old military set of headphones on him to improve hearing this strange and unusual signal. They also rigged up a method to send this signal to an oscillographic recorder to display it in time. They went further to explain where this signal was coming from and with a planetary desktop globe and a very small glass marble began showing him that this signal was being transmitted from the very first Russian satellite named Sputnik encircling our Earth in an orbital path. Actually, it was Sputnik II. This all occurred on a very cold weekend evening in November 1957 in central Ohio.
Again, from the radio room of this same mentored operator, in February 1958, Doc received a VHF telemetry signal from the Explorer I satellite at 108 megacycles. In May, 1958, Doc received yet another VHF beacon signal at 108 megacycles from the Vanguard I satellite. By this time, this experience totally had Doc consumed. At his first opportunity, he went to the public library to see if he could find any books on satellites. None could be found. He was able to find and checkout a book on rocketry and began studying it. In the meantime, the mentors had other plans to introduce Doc to amateur radio. They exposed him to Morse code, radioteletype, transmitting and receiving pictures, etc. One of the mentors was a broadcast engineer at several of the local radio and television stations and gave him a tour of his facilities explaining his responsibility to keep these commercial stations up and running and well within compliance with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). This also had a profound effect on Doc and planted a seed in him to pursue and obtain the FCC commercial licenses one day.
On or near Doc's 8th birthday in July, 1959, he took the FCC exam for his novice class license and passed, his assigned call was WN8ZKN. The mentors all further guided him to put his first radio station together. Some of the radio equipment was already built and some of it had to be built by Doc as required by his mentors.
In August, 1960, Doc took his next FCC exam in Columbus, Ohio at the Federal Building and passed it. His license was then upgraded and his call became WA8ZKN.
In September, 1960, Doc further received a VHF signal from the "satelloon" named Echo I at 108 megacycles.
In September, 1962, Doc witnessed the first time-synchronization between two time standards at the NRL in the United Kingdom and NBS laboratory in the United States to within 1 microsecond utilizing the Telstar I satellite.
In March, 1964, Doc received the VHF beacon signal from Echo II at 136 megacycles.
In 1965, Doc was introduced to his first Cesium Beam Atomic Time and Frequency Standard, a Hewlett-Packard Model 5060A, at the Newark Air Force Station in Newark, Ohio. While there, he acquired yet another mentor who was a high-level physicist and electronics engineer for the federal government. One year later, Doc was hired by NAFS and AGMC as an intern and understudy with his mentor in his laboratory. This experience changed Doc forever and pointed him on his pre-destined career path in electrical/electronics engineering and electromagnetics as applied to Radio Physics, Radio Science, Electro-Physics, and Electro-Science.
Doc pays a very special tribute to Anthony J. "Tony" Barsotti, WA8DYD, in Newark, Ohio (now SK) who also mentored and elmered him as a young radio operator in Tony's Radio Room at his home as well as the MARS station at the Newark Air Force Base also in Ohio.
Doc worked in the evenings under the guidance of Leland H. Hubbell, K8MZH, at WGSF-TV, an analog UHF TV Station (Channel 28) on Horn's Hill in Newark, Ohio from 1965 to 1970. This Educational TV Station was under the Newark City School District and was networked through an RFMW feed with WOSU (The Ohio State University) in Columbus, Ohio. Doc obtained his FCC 3rd and 2nd Class Commercial Licenses during this period from the FCC in Columbus.
In 1970, Doc was introduced to his next mentor, Dr. John D. Kraus, W8JK, (now SK) and longtime professor of Electrical Engineering (Electromagnetics) and Radio Astronomy at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. The rest is history and now a legacy. http://www.naapo.org/W8JK/W8JK.htm
When Doc was brought to Kansas from Ohio State in 1977 to work for the Boeing Wichita Military Division (as a high-level member of Technical Staff - Navigation Guidance & Weapons in direct support of the B-52G/H) he was issued the call - NØEQS. Now he is NE8S and Life Member of the Kadiddlehoppers, Flying Pigs QRP International, CSVHFS, CHARS, NAQCC, SKCC, and SMIRK. He is also an annual renewing paid member of 10-10 International, ARRL, AMSAT, QCWA, and FISTS.
Doc is founder and president of the College Hill Amateur Radio Society (CHARS) in Wichita, Kansas. CHARS operates its own radio station and is licensed by the FCC as NØEQS, which was Doc's assigned callsign before being issued NE8S. CHARS also operates a 70 cm repeater in Wichita on College Hill (444.575 MHz with PL 100.0 Hz) with an EchoLink node #3339.
Having always been extremely submerged into Solar and Space Physics, Electromagnetics and Radio Propagation, Doc still measures all the background energy flux and natural magnetic fields at his radio station site to determine the current state of conditions in solar terrestrial physics and its immediate, short-term, and long-term effects on radio propagation, globally. He constantly monitors and keeps tracks of the following Space Weather Solar (Raw Data) Conditions: X-ray Flux Energies from 0.5 to 8.0 Angstroms wavelength; Proton Fluence; Electron Fluence; Solar Radio Bursts and Sweeps at 245 MHz; Solar Flux at 2.8 GHz; Solar Wind Velocity/Density and its disruptive effects upon the Magnetosphere; Three-axis magnetic fields of the Earth; Planetary A and K-indices; Visible and EUV images of Solar Spots and Regions and their magnetic classifications; and Ionospheric D-layer Absorption. The CsUTC OBSERVATORY on College Hill employs several Magnetometers of the Cesium type and the flux gate type. Both the B-field (flux density) and H-field (field intensity) are measured and monitored in both single axis and 3-axis configurations. Doc can resolve out to 0.01 nanoTesla or 10 milligamma in any case. In one system, the Earth's magnetic field is nulled out and only the delta or change in the Z or vertical magnetic vector component is measured in either a positive or negative direction in steps of one (1) nanoTesla to up to 100 nanoTesla depending on the geomagnetic storm level in progress. Doc also has a very rare MFIM (Magnetic Field Intensity Meter) which is actually a magnetic receiver that was designed to employ the variable-mu type probe. It monitors and measures the H-field from 0.01 Hertz to 50 KHz window of the electromagnetic spectrum. This MFIM is then coupled into an ELF/VLF Spectrum Analyzer for data capture and analysis. Solar X-radiation energies are measured, captured, monitored, quantified, and recorded with two different types of X-ray Spectrometers or Spectrographs. One utilizes a 180 cm gas chamber with a beryllium window and the other utilizes a Bragg Crystal as its detector. Doc has elected to measure the earthbound x-rays at the 0.5 nanometer or 5 Angstrom wavelength. Doc believes that it is very important to measure these constantly changing electrophysical parameters terrestrially. Doc is known by many with his most famous saying or motto: To Measure Is To Know, this is the way of SPACETIME METROLOGY.
Today, Doc's NE8S mobile is fully equipped and is capable of transceiving from 160 meters to 12.5 centimeters or from 1.8 MHz to 2.4 GHz. On HF, RF power is 550 watts PEP. The Grand Caravan supports 9 antennas. The 160, 80/75, and 40 meter array is essentially utilizing 'Extremely High-Q Scalar Electromagnetics' in an LCLC (inductance-capacitance-inductance-capacitance) configuration with a variable large 5" inductor (variometer) utilizing a large ferrite core as the base, a mast, a capacitive element array, a large fixed inductor, and large capacitive top hat array. The 20, 17, 15, 12, and 10 meter antenna is a separate variable 3" inductor (variometer) with a ferrite core. The 6 meter antenna is a base loaded vertical. The 2 meter antenna is a 5/8 wave base loaded vertical. The 1.25 meter antenna is a 5/8 wave base loaded vertical, the 70 centimeter antenna is a 5.2 dB collinear vertical, and his 2.4 GHz antenna is a COMET radomed yagi. His VHF and UHF power out is 50 to 55 Watts (F3). Doc's receive capability of the electromagnetic spectrum in this vehicle is from 9 KiloHertz to 26.5 GigaHertz on a single HP8593EM EMC Analyzer. His ELF/ULF/VLF/LF spectrum measuring and analytical ability is from 64 microHertz to 100 KHz with an HP3561A.This same van also serves as the FCC-type MML and in the back space, contains Stoddart EMI receivers, High-end Spectrum Analyzers, Electrometers, Magnetometers, Parabolic Ultrasonic Detectors, and FLIR spectral camera, for field surveying of the entire electromagnetic spectrum. As of May 10, 2011 a second FCC MML Van has been launched to serve as an environmental scouting vehicle for the electromagnetic spectrum measurement field surveys, including that atmospheric phenomena: Tornadic Resonance.
One of the unique specialties in utilizing these two MML vans include locating, identifying, and characterizing Power Transmission Line Interference point sources and reporting them directly to the responsible electric utility company and (if necessary) the FCC field office EB (enforcement bureau) in that interfering area.
On foot, walking or hiking to very hard to reach areas, Doc has the portable measuring and analytical capability of the electromagnetic spectrum window from 9 KHz to 7.1 GHz with the Anritsu MS2721B "Spectrum Master" Spectrum Analyzer mounted on his chest in front of him. With the analyzer's ability to be phased-locked to the GPS constellation, his measurement points are precisely logged in Lat and Long coordinates, and his frequency measurements are within 25 parts-per-billion of the Cesium and Rubidium References aboard each of the GPS birds that it tracks. All of the spectral data is logged and stored on internal memory devices as well as extremely high capacity external (removable) memory devices. Data is then reconstructed back at the laboratory with MatLAB and directly laid out utilizing Anritsu and MapPoint software.
Doc has held the FCC 1st Class Commercial License since 1980 (P1-17-43128) and prior to that has held the 2nd Class License since 1969. He currently holds the FCC GROL, DM, DO, & DB Commercial (Lifetime) Licenses in GMDSS all endorsed with RADAR and MASER. He also holds national and international certifications in electronics, communications technology, and wireless telecommunications. He has been a member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) since January 1, 1983.
His terrestrial station call is: NE8S - "Now Einstein 8 Space" or "North East 8 South" or "Neutron Electron 8 Scatter".
His wife, Rita, is K8PHD and his son, Michael, is KØZED.
Doc's 55th Anniversary in QCWA:
Dr. Ko (NE8S) at NRAO Karl G. Jansky VLA in Socorro, New Mexico
(taken by K8PHD):
One of many Data Displays in Dr. Ko's CsUTC Observatory. This one is of
Universal Time Coordinated through USNO Atomic Time Traceability:
Precise GPS determined terrestrial position: 37.695270 N :: -97.288271 W
Precision 10-digit Maidenhead Grid Location: EM17iq56ju
NOW!!! this indeed.....SPEAKS for itself.........
The following is an original picture that was taken on Doc's birthday in July, 1962 in Holmdel, New Jersey when his father took him on a road trip from Newark, Ohio to further inspire and fuel his passion for space communication. Read more at the bottom of the image.
Horn antenna at Bell Telephone Laboratories, Holmdel, New Jersey. Originally built (in 1959) for the now famous NASA Echo I experiment, the horn equipment had been modified to work with the Telstar communications satellite frequencies. The Holmdel horn antenna tracked Telstar and received broad-banded signals from the satellite. It's transmission capabilities were not utilized with the satellite at the time of this photo.
The horn antenna was 50 feet (15 meters) in length with a radiating aperture of 20' x 20' (6 x 6 meters) and was constructed of aluminum. The antenna's elevation wheel, which surrounded the midsection of the horn, was 30 feet (10 meters) in diameter and supported the weight of the structure by means of rollers mounted on a base frame. All axial or thrust loads were taken by a large ball bearing at the narrow apex end of the horn. The horn continued through this bearing into the equipment building or cab (sometimes called the Dog House). The ability to locate the receiver equipment at the horn apex directly achieved total elimination of feed-line noise contributions of the RF connection by design. A Dicke radiometer for measuring the intensity of radiant energy was located in the cab along with other microwave equipment, receivers, and spectrum analyzers.
This type of antenna is called the Hogg or Horn-reflector antenna and was invented by Drs. Alfred Beck and Harald Friis in 1941. This particular horn antenna was built by Dr. David C. Hogg with the assistance of Mr. Loyd E. Hunt and under the supervision of Mr. Arthur B. Crawford, all of Bell Telephone Laboratories. The antenna had a gain of about 43.3 dBi and a beamwidth of 1.5 degrees at 2.39 GHz. It's aperture efficiency was 76%.
In 1965, Drs. Penzias and Wilson also with Bell Telephone Laboratories utilized this very same horn antenna to measure the signals of satellites across the sky and serendipitously discovered the microwave background radiation that permeates the universe which was theorized to be left over from the Big Bang. This was one of the most important discoveries in cosmology since Dr. Edwin Hubble demonstrated in the 1920's that the universe was expanding. In 1978, both Penzias and Wilson shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for their joint discovery.
The Cosmic Background Radiation (or noise as it was perceived) that was constantly being detected and measured by Penzias and Wilson on Crawford Hill during their satellite measurements at the antenna connector had revealed an antenna temperature of about 3 Kelvin at a wavelength of 7.35 centimeters or 4.080 GHz.
Wow.....What a Glorious Day it was for Radio Astronomy and Cosmology!
One of Dr. Ko's FCCorp MML's (Mobile Measurement Laboratory):
"Doc is known by many of his professional clients as the Ghostbuster"
As an added note, Doc logs ALL of his
QSO/QSL data on QRZ Logbook then
uploads them to LoTW immediately
thereafter. He would appreciate YOUR
confirmations on both QRZ and LoTW.
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